Igneous rocks are those that form by cooling from a melt. If they erupt from volcanoes as lava, they are called extrusive rocks. If they cool underground but near the surface, they are called intrusive and often have visible, but tiny mineral grains. If they cool very slowly deep underground, they are called plutonic and have large mineral grains.
This is just a starting point to explore the variety in igneous rocks.
- AndesiteNamed for the Andes
- AnorthositeA peculiar feldspathic end-member
- BasaltMakes up the oceanic crust
- DioriteBlack and white
- DuniteAll-olivine magma
- FelsiteLight lavas
- GabbroA plutonic basalt
- GraniteType rock of continents
- GranodioriteAn in-between rock type
- KomatiiteRare and ancient ultramafic lava
- LatiteExtrusive monzonite
- ObsidianVolcanic glass