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Climate Change, the Ocean, Glaciers and the Atmosphere

About climate change from the geological viewpoint, along with the science of the ocean, ice and atmosphere.
  1. Ocean and Marine Geology (15)
  2. Atmospheric Geoscience (31)
  3. Glaciers and Ice Ages (32)

Global Warming in a Nutshell
A skeleton key to this enormous topic.

Carbon-Dioxide Experiments
An impressive worldwide set of mini-Stonehenges is pinning down firm numbers for the CO2 debate.

Paleohurricane Science
Geologists can find traces of storms past.

Fulgurites: Fossil Lightning
Sand fused by lightning strikes preserves evidence of ancient times.

Toward Climateering
Climatology is more than an eclectic specialty: it promises, eventually, to put our hands on the controls of the atmosphere.

Damming the Mediterranean Sea
A retired scientist with time on his hands proposes to alter global climate.

Carbon Cycle Science Program
A multiyear, multidisciplinary, interagency program of research into this crucial part of the climate equation is being conducted under the guidance of the U.S. Global Change Research Program.

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center
The CDIAC, located at Oak Ridge National Lab, is the head climate-data arm of the U.S. Department of Energy.

Climate Change: A Guide for the Perplexed
New Scientist issued this set of short articles setting the record straight about 26 different climate-change issues. (May 2007)

In this project in distributed computing, you run a unique climate model in the background on your machine to help improve global climate models.

CLIVAR (Climate Variability and Predictability Programme)
This huge effort to bootstrap climate models is how scientists are doing the hard work of improving our understanding of how climate works.

Coral Paleoclimatology
NOAA's contribution to the International Year of the Reef includes this site providing information on ancient climates as recorded by corals and sclerosponges.

The Discovery of Global Warming
An immense site by author Spencer Weart giving an authoritative history of modern climate science. Food for months of study; updated December 2011.

Home page for the United States Global Change Research Program, created with extensive input from the scientific community.

Global Change Master Directory
The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's hub for more data than you can click a mouse at.

Global Warming FAQ
A fairly stated set of answers from the climate specialists at the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (based on the 2007 IPCC report).

"Human Impacts on Climate"
The American Geophysical Union, the world's largest organization of climate-related scientists, issued this statement on where we stand in January 2008. Worth reading in detail.

Icehouse, Greenhouse, Hothouse Climates
A paper in GSA Today lays out the basics of these three basic climate regimes (we're in the icehouse today).

The Little Ice Age and the Vikings
Northernmost Europe was strongly affected by climate changes of the last 1500 years. Scott Mandia of SUNY Suffolk recounts the ups and downs of the Viking settlements on Iceland and Greenland during this time.

National Climatic Data Center
The central site for access to scientific data sets, as well as information for the public.

NOAA Paleoclimatology Program
We can wait for more data with the passage of time, or we can mine history for data about climate that's already happened. This U.S. government site is all about the latter.

The 2001 NRC Report - A Gut Check on Climate Change
The National Research Council's June 2001 special report to the Bush Administration was a very good thing, and still relevant.

PAGES - Past Global Changes
An international program to coordinate research into the past climates of the Earth—the only source of new data we have.

The Pew Center on Global Climate Change
This nonaligned think tank issues reports laying out the climate-change consensus among the government-industrial complex that will probably carry the day in the climate debate.

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